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    A jQuery plugin for panning and zooming elements using CSS3.
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    Panzoom is a small library (~3.7kb gzipped) to add panning and zooming functionality to an element. Rather than using absolute positioning or setting width and height, Panzoom uses CSS transforms to take advantage of hardware/GPU acceleration in the browser, which means the element can be anything: an image, a video, an iframe, a canvas, text, WHATEVER.

    For common support questions, see the FAQ.

    Browser support

    Here is a list of currently supported browsers.

    Mobile support

    iOS, Android, and Windows Mobile are supported.

    Panzoom includes support for touch gestures and even supports pinch gestures for zooming. It is perfectly suited for both mobile and desktop browsers. It uses pointer events by default wherever supported.

    SVG support

    Panzoom supports panning and zooming SVG elements directly.

    In IE11, CSS animations/transitions do not work on SVG elements, at least for the transform style. They do work in other browsers.

    One could implement transitions manually in IE11 using the setTransform option and integrating a tweening library for javascript animations (such as tween.js).


    With npm:

    $ npm install --save @panzoom/panzoom

    With yarn:

    $ yarn add @panzoom/panzoom

    Panzoom uses UMD and can be loaded a lot of ways.

    With ES6 imports:

    import Panzoom from '@panzoom/panzoom'

    With commonjs or browserify:

    const Panzoom = require('@panzoom/panzoom')

    With an AMD loader in an anonymous module:

    define(['@panzoom/panzoom'], function (Panzoom) {
      const elem = document.getElementById('panzoom-element')

    With a script tag:

    <script src="/js/panzoom.js"></script>


    const elem = document.getElementById('panzoom-element')
    const panzoom = Panzoom(elem, {
      maxScale: 5
    panzoom.pan(10, 10)
    panzoom.zoom(2, { animate: true })
    // Panning and pinch zooming are bound automatically (unless disablePan is true).
    // There are several available methods for zooming
    // that can be bound on button clicks or mousewheel.
    button.addEventListener('click', panzoom.zoomIn)
    elem.parentElement.addEventListener('wheel', panzoom.zoomWithWheel)


    1. What is transform-origin and why is it added to the panzoom element?

    • The transform-origin is the origin from which transforms are applied. Panzoom ensures the defaults are set to what it expects to calculate focal point zooming.
    • HTML elements default to '50% 50%'.
    • SVG elements default to '0 0'.

    2. I am using Panzoom with an <object> tag and it's not working. What's wrong?

    Object elements can eat up events, making it so they never reach Panzoom. To fix this, disable pointer events (pointer-events: none) on the <object> tag and call Panzoom using a wrapper.

    3. My links aren't working! How do I enable an anchor within a panzoom element?

    Add class options.excludeClass (default is "panzoom-exclude") to whatever element you want to be clickable. Panzoom will check for this class before handling the event. Alternatively, add a reference to the element to the exclude option, or call event.stopImmediatePropagation() in an event handler on the clickable element.

    A note on the async nature of Panzoom

    In some cases, setting one thing and then setting another synchronously will not work as intended.

    For instance, the following usually works fine.

    const panzoom = Panzoom(elem)
    panzoom.pan(100, 100)

    However, you might find that the things start breaking when the contain option is set.

    This is due to the fact that in order for Panzoom to retrieve proper dimensions, the scale needs to be painted.

    If you find that things aren't looking quite right, try the following instead...

    setTimeout(() => panzoom.pan(100, 100))



    Panzoom(elem: HTMLElement | SVGElement, options?: Omit<_[PanzoomOptions](#PanzoomOptions)_, `"force"`\>): PanzoomObject


    Name Type
    elem HTMLElement \ SVGElement
    options? Omit<_[PanzoomOptions](#PanzoomOptions)_, `"force"`\>

    Returns: PanzoomObject

    Defined in: panzoom.ts:58


    Includes MiscOptions, PanOnlyOptions, and ZoomOnlyOptions



    Optional animate: boolean (Default: false)

    Whether to animate transitions

    Defined in: types.ts:21


    Optional canvas: boolean (Default: false)

    This option treats the Panzoom element's parent as a canvas. Effectively, Panzoom binds the down handler to the parent instead of the Panzoom element, so that pointer events anywhere on the "canvas" moves its children. See issue #472.

    Note: setting this option to true also changes where the cursor style is applied (i.e. the parent).

    Defined in: types.ts:32


    Optional duration: number (Default: 200)

    Duration of the transition (ms)

    Defined in: types.ts:34


    Optional easing: string (Default: "ease-in-out")

    CSS Easing used for transitions

    Defined in: types.ts:36


    Optional exclude: Element[] (Default: [])

    Add elements to this array that should be excluded from Panzoom handling. Ancestors of event targets are also checked. e.g. links and buttons that should not propagate the click event.

    Defined in: types.ts:43


    Optional excludeClass: string (Default: "panzoom-exclude")

    Add this class to any element within the Panzoom element that you want to exclude from Panzoom handling. That element's children will also be excluded. e.g. links and buttons that should not propagate the click event.

    Defined in: types.ts:50


    Optional force: boolean

    force should be used sparingly to temporarily override and ignore options such as disablePan, disableZoom, and panOnlyWhenZoomed. This option cannot be passed to the Panzoom constructor or setOptions (to avoid setting this option globally).

    // Overrides disablePan and panOnlyWhenZoomed
    panzoom.pan(50, 100, { force: true })
    // Overrides disableZoom
    panzoom.zoom(1, { force: true })

    Defined in: types.ts:66


    Optional handleStartEvent: (event: Event) => void (Default: (e: Event) => { e.preventDefault() e.stopPropagation() })

    On the first pointer event, when panning starts, the default Panzoom behavior is to call event.preventDefault() and event.stopPropagation() on that event. The former is almost certainly a necessity; the latter enables Panzoom elements within Panzoom elements.

    But there are some cases where the default is not the desired behavior. Set this option to override that behavior.

    // Only call preventDefault()
    Panzoom(elem, {
      handleStartEvent: (event) => {
    // Do nothing.
    // This can change dragging behavior on mobile.
    Panzoom(elem, {
      handleStartEvent: () => {}


    Name Type
    event Event

    Returns: void

    Defined in: types.ts:91


    Optional noBind: boolean

    Skip binding the default Panzoom event listeners

    Defined in: types.ts:95


    Optional origin: string

    Change this at your own risk. The transform-origin is the origin from which transforms are applied. Default: '50% 50%' for HTML and '0 0' for SVG. The defaults are set because changing the transform-origin on SVG elements doesn't work in IE.

    Changing this should work with many things, but it will break focal point zooming, which assumes the defaults are set to do the more complicated calculations.

    And again, changing this for SVG in IE doesn't work at all.

    Defined in: types.ts:109


    Optional overflow: string (Default: "hidden")

    The overflow CSS value for the parent. Defaults to 'hidden'

    Defined in: types.ts:111


    Optional setTransform: (elem: HTMLElement | SVGElement, __namedParameters: CurrentValues, _options?: PanzoomOptions) => void

    Override the transform setter. This is exposed mostly so the user could set other parts of a transform aside from scale and translate. Default is defined in src/css.ts.

    // This example always sets a rotation
    // when setting the scale and translation
    const panzoom = Panzoom(elem, {
      setTransform: (elem, { scale, x, y }) => {
        panzoom.setStyle('transform', `rotate(0.5turn) scale(${scale}) translate(${x}px, ${y}px)`)

    Set the transform using the proper prefix


    Name Type
    elem HTMLElement \ SVGElement
    __namedParameters CurrentValues](
    _options? [PanzoomOptions

    Returns: void

    Defined in: css.ts:82


    Optional silent: boolean

    Silence all events

    Defined in: types.ts:131


    Optional startScale: number (Default: 1)

    Scale used to set the beginning transform

    Defined in: types.ts:137


    Optional startX: number (Default: 0)

    X Value used to set the beginning transform

    Defined in: types.ts:133


    Optional startY: number (Default: 0)

    Y Value used to set the beginning transform

    Defined in: types.ts:135


    Optional touchAction: string (Default: "none")

    This value is used to set touch-action on both the Panzoom element and its parent. It is needed because that the native scroll on mobile interferes with panning and pinch zooming. Set this to empty string to re-enable scrolling on mobile, but note that both scrolling and panning cannot work at the same time.

    Defined in: types.ts:147

    PanOptions (includes MiscOptions)


    Optional contain: "inside" | "outside"

    Contain the panzoom element either inside or outside the parent. Inside: The panzoom element is smaller than its parent and cannot be panned to the outside. Outside: The panzoom element is larger than its parent and cannot be panned to the inside. In other words, no empty space around the element will be shown.

    Note: the containment pan adjustment is not affected by the disablePan option.

    Defined in: types.ts:166


    Optional cursor: string (Default: "move")

    The cursor style to set on the panzoom element

    Defined in: types.ts:168


    Optional disablePan: boolean (Default: false)

    Disable panning functionality. Note: disablePan does not affect focal point zooming or the contain option. The element will still pan accordingly.

    Defined in: types.ts:174


    Optional disableXAxis: boolean (Default: false)

    Pan only on the Y axis

    Defined in: types.ts:176


    Optional disableYAxis: boolean (Default: false)

    Pan only on the X axis

    Defined in: types.ts:178


    Optional panOnlyWhenZoomed: boolean (Default: false)

    Disable panning while the scale is equal to the starting value

    Defined in: types.ts:182


    Optional relative: boolean (Default: false)

    When passing x and y values to .pan(), treat the values as relative to their current values

    Defined in: types.ts:180

    ZoomOptions (includes MiscOptions)


    Optional disableZoom: boolean (Default: false)

    Disable zooming functionality

    Defined in: types.ts:187


    Optional focal: object

    Zoom to the given point on the panzoom element. This point is expected to be relative to the panzoom element's dimensions and is unrelated to the parent dimensions.

    Type declaration:

    Name Type
    x number
    y number

    Defined in: types.ts:194


    Optional maxScale: number (Default: 4)

    The maximum scale when zooming

    Defined in: types.ts:198


    Optional minScale: number (Default: 0.125)

    The minimum scale when zooming

    Defined in: types.ts:196


    Optional step: number (Default: 0.3)

    The step affects zoom calculation when zooming with a mouse wheel, when pinch zooming, or when using zoomIn/zoomOut

    Defined in: types.ts:200


    These methods are available after initializing Panzoom


    bind: () => void

    Bind the default down, move, and up event listeners to the Panzoom element. This does not normally need to be called. It gets called by default when creating a new Panzoom object, but can be skipped with the noBind option.

    Returns: void

    Defined in: types.ts:221


    destroy: () => void

    Remove all event listeners bound to the the Panzoom element

    Returns: void

    Defined in: types.ts:223


    eventNames: object

    This object exposes the event names used by Panzoom, depending on the current browser's support for Pointer or Touch events.

    Type declaration:

    Name Type
    down string
    move string
    up string

    Defined in: types.ts:229


    getOptions: () => PanzoomOptions

    Returns a copy of the current options object

    Returns: PanzoomOptions

    Defined in: types.ts:235


    getPan: () => { x: number ; y: number }

    Get the current x/y translation

    Returns: object

    Name Type
    x number
    y number

    Defined in: types.ts:231


    getScale: () => number

    Get the current scale

    Returns: number

    Defined in: types.ts:233


    pan: (x: string | number, y: string | number, panOptions?: PanOptions](../modules/ => [CurrentValues

    Pan the Panzoom element to the given x and y coordinates

    // Translates the element to 50px, 100px
    panzoom.pan(50, 100)
    // Pans the element right 10px and down 10px from its current position
    panzoom.pan(10, 10, { relative: true })


    Name Type
    x string \ number
    y string \ number
    panOptions? PanOptions

    Returns: CurrentValues

    Defined in: types.ts:246


    reset: (resetOptions?: PanzoomOptions](../modules/ => [CurrentValues

    Reset the pan and zoom to startX, startY, and startScale. Animates by default, ignoring the global option. Pass { animate: false } to override. Reset ignores the disablePan, disableZoom, and panOnlyWhenZoomed options. Pass { force: false } to override.

    panzoom.reset({ animate: false })


    Name Type
    resetOptions? PanzoomOptions

    Returns: CurrentValues

    Defined in: types.ts:259


    resetStyle: () => void

    Reset the styles set on the Panzoom element and its parent (such as overflow, cursor, etc.)


    Returns: void

    Defined in: types.ts:268


    setOptions: (options?: PanzoomOptions) => void

    Change any number of options on a Panzoom instance. Setting some options will have side-effects. For instance, changing the cursor option will also set the cursor style.

    const panzoom = Panzoom(elem, { cursor: 'move' })
    // ...
    panzoom.setOptions({ cursor: 'default' })


    Name Type
    options? PanzoomOptions

    Returns: void

    Defined in: types.ts:281


    setStyle: (name: string, value: string) => void

    A convenience method for setting prefixed styles on the Panzoom element


    Name Type
    name string
    value string

    Returns: void

    Defined in: types.ts:283


    zoom: (scale: number, zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions](../modules/ => [CurrentValues

    Zoom the Panzoom element to the given scale

    panzoom.zoom(2.2, { animate: true })


    Name Type
    scale number
    zoomOptions? ZoomOptions

    Returns: CurrentValues

    Defined in: types.ts:292


    zoomIn: (zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions](../modules/ => [CurrentValues

    Zoom in using the predetermined increment set in options. Animates by default, ignoring the global option. Pass { animate: false } to override.

    panzoom.zoomIn({ animate: false })


    Name Type
    zoomOptions? ZoomOptions

    Returns: CurrentValues

    Defined in: types.ts:303


    zoomOut: (zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions](../modules/ => [CurrentValues

    Zoom out using the predetermined increment set in options. Animates by default, ignoring the global option. Pass { animate: false } to override.

    panzoom.zoomOut({ animate: false })


    Name Type
    zoomOptions? ZoomOptions

    Returns: CurrentValues

    Defined in: types.ts:314


    zoomToPoint: (scale: number, point: { clientX: number ; clientY: number }, zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions](../modules/ => [CurrentValues

    Zoom the Panzoom element to a focal point using the given pointer/touch/mouse event or constructed point. The clientX/clientY values should be calculated the same way as a pointermove event on the Panzoom element's parent.

    panzoom.zoomToPoint(1.2, pointerEvent)


    Name Type
    scale number
    point object
    point.clientX number
    point.clientY number
    zoomOptions? ZoomOptions

    Returns: CurrentValues

    Defined in: types.ts:325


    zoomWithWheel: (event: WheelEvent, zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions](../modules/ => [CurrentValues

    Zoom the Panzoom element to a focal point using the given WheelEvent

    This is a convenience function that may not handle all use cases. Other cases should handroll solutions using the zoomToPoint method or the zoom method's focal option.

    Note: the focal point zooming pan adjustment is not affected by the disablePan option.

    // Bind to mousewheel
    elem.parentElement.addEventListener('wheel', panzoom.zoomWithWheel)
    // Bind to shift+mousewheel
    elem.parentElement.addEventListener('wheel', function (event) {
      if (!event.shiftKey) return
      // Panzoom will automatically use `deltaX` here instead
      // of `deltaY`. On a mac, the shift modifier usually
      // translates to horizontal scrolling, but Panzoom assumes
      // the desired behavior is zooming.


    Name Type
    event WheelEvent
    zoomOptions? ZoomOptions

    Returns: CurrentValues

    Defined in: types.ts:354



    Optional isSVG: boolean

    Defined in: types.ts:211


    scale: number

    Defined in: types.ts:210


    x: number

    Defined in: types.ts:208


    y: number

    Defined in: types.ts:209


    The following events are available as custom events on the panzoom element using the native CustomEvent API. Add listeners the same way you would any other event.

    elem.addEventListener('panzoomchange', (event) => {
      console.log(event.detail) // => { x: 0, y: 0, scale: 1 }

    Notes about all events

    • The event object passed as an argument to the listener will always have a detail object with the following properties:
      • The current x value
      • The current y value
      • The current scale
      • An originalEvent property with the original event that triggered the panzoom event, if applicable. For example, the originalEvent property for a panzoomstart event would be either a pointerdown, touchstart, or mousedown event.
    • Events can be silenced when the silent option is set to true, either globally or when passed to pan, any zoom method, or reset.
    • Avoid putting too much logic in these event handlers as it could effect the performance of panning or zooming.


    Fired when the user starts a move or pinch zoom gesture on mobile.


    Fired whenever there is a pan, zoom, or reset. Note that direct calls to options.setTransform do not fire this event.


    Fired whenever the zoom is changed by any Panzoom zoom method, directly or internally.


    Fired whenever the pan is changed by the pan method, directly or internally.


    Fired when the user finishes a move or finishes a pinch zoom gesture on mobile.


    Fired whenever reset is called.

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