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    Keymaster

    A simple micro-library for defining and dispatching keyboard shortcuts. It has no dependencies.
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    keymaster.js

    Keymaster is a simple micro-library for defining and dispatching keyboard shortcuts in web applications.

    It has no dependencies.

    It’s a work in progress (e.g. beta), so spare me your nerdrage and instead contribute! Patches are welcome, but they are not guaranteed to make it in.

    Usage

    Include keymaster.js in your web app*, by loading it as usual:

    <script src="keymaster.js"></script>
    

    Keymaster has no dependencies and can be used completely standalone. It should not interfere with any JavaScript libraries or frameworks.

    *Preferably use a minified version that fits your workflow. You can run make to have UglifyJS (if you have it installed) create a keymaster.min.js file for you.

    Defining shortcuts

    One global method is exposed, key which defines shortcuts when called directly.

    // define short of 'a'
    key('a', function(){ alert('you pressed a!') });
    
    // returning false stops the event and prevents default browser events
    key('ctrl+r', function(){ alert('stopped reload!'); return false });
    
    // multiple shortcuts that do the same thing
    key('⌘+r, ctrl+r', function(){ });
    

    The handler method is called with two arguments set, the keydown event fired, and an object containing, among others, the following two properties:

    shortcut: a string that contains the shortcut used, e.g. ctrl+r scope: a string describing the scope (or all)

    key('⌘+r, ctrl+r', function(event, handler){
      console.log(handler.shortcut, handler.scope);
    });
    
    // "ctrl+r", "all"
    

    Supported keys

    Keymaster understands the following modifiers: , shift, option, , alt, ctrl, control, command, and .

    The following special keys can be used for shortcuts: backspace, tab, clear, enter, return, esc, escape, space, up, down, left, right, home, end, pageup, pagedown, del, delete and f1 through f19.

    Modifier key queries

    At any point in time (even in code other than key shortcut handlers), you can query the key object for the state of any keys. This allows easy implementation of things like shift+click handlers. For example, key.shift is true if the shift key is currently pressed.

    if(key.shift) alert('shift is pressed, OMGZ!');
    

    Other key queries

    At any point in time (even in code other than key shortcut handlers), you can query the key object for the state of any key. This is very helpful for game development using a game loop. For example, key.isPressed(77) is true if the M key is currently pressed.

    if(key.isPressed("M")) alert('M key is pressed, can ya believe it!?');
    if(key.isPressed(77)) alert('M key is pressed, can ya believe it!?');
    

    You can also get these as an array using...

    key.getPressedKeyCodes() // returns an array of key codes currently pressed
    

    Scopes

    If you want to reuse the same shortcut for separate areas in your single page app, Keymaster supports switching between scopes. Use the key.setScope method to set scope.

    // define shortcuts with a scope
    key('o, enter', 'issues', function(){ /* do something */ });
    key('o, enter', 'files', function(){ /* do something else */ });
    
    // set the scope (only 'all' and 'issues' shortcuts will be honored)
    key.setScope('issues'); // default scope is 'all'
    
    // remove all events that are set in 'issues' scope
    key.deleteScope('issues');
    

    Filter key presses

    By default, when an INPUT, SELECT or TEXTAREA element is focused, Keymaster doesn't process any shortcuts.

    You can change this by overwriting key.filter with a new function. This function is called before Keymaster processes shortcuts, with the keydown event as argument.

    If your function returns false, then the no shortcuts will be processed.

    Here's the default implementation for reference:

    function filter(event){
      var tagName = (event.target || event.srcElement).tagName;
      return !(tagName == 'INPUT' || tagName == 'SELECT' || tagName == 'TEXTAREA');
    }
    

    If you only want some shortcuts to work while in an input element, you can change the scope in the key.filter function. Here's an example implementation, setting the scope to either 'input' or 'other'. Don't forget to return true so the any shortcuts get processed.

    key.filter = function(event){
      var tagName = (event.target || event.srcElement).tagName;
      key.setScope(/^(INPUT|TEXTAREA|SELECT)$/.test(tagName) ? 'input' : 'other');
      return true;
    }
    

    However a more robust way to handle this is to use proper focus and blur event handlers on your input element, and change scopes there as you see fit.

    noConflict mode

    You can call key.noConflict to remove the key function from global scope and restore whatever key was defined to before Keymaster was loaded. Calling key.noConflict will return the Keymaster key function.

    var k = key.noConflict();
    k('a', function() { /* ... */ });
    
    key()
    // --> TypeError: 'undefined' is not a function
    

    Unbinding shortcuts

    Similar to defining shortcuts, they can be unbound using key.unbind.

    // unbind 'a' handler
    key.unbind('a');
    
    // unbind a key only for a single scope
    // when no scope is specified it defaults to the current scope (key.getScope())
    key.unbind('o, enter', 'issues');
    key.unbind('o, enter', 'files');
    

    Notes

    Keymaster should work with any browser that fires keyup and keydown events, and is tested with IE (6+), Safari, Firefox and Chrome.

    See http://madrobby.github.com/keymaster/ for a live demo.

    CoffeeScript

    If you're using CoffeeScript, configuring key shortcuts couldn't be simpler:

    key 'a', -> alert('you pressed a!')
    
    key '⌘+r, ctrl+r', ->
      alert 'stopped reload!'
      off
    
    key 'o, enter', 'issues', ->
      whatevs()
    
    alert 'shift is pressed, OMGZ!' if key.shift
    

    Contributing

    To contribute, please fork Keymaster, add your patch and tests for it (in the test/ folder) and submit a pull request.

    TODOs

    • Finish test suite

    Keymaster is (c) 2011-2013 Thomas Fuchs and may be freely distributed under the MIT license. See the MIT-LICENSE file.

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